Professor Corinna Hawkes, Sugar tax : what you need to know CITY University of London April 18th 2018
Need To Know
The UK government has not made changing people’s dietary habits an explicit aim of the tax. But evidence from elsewhere does suggest people buy less when a tax comes into force. For example, in Mexico – which introduced a one peso per litre excise tax on sugary drinks in 2014 – purchases of taxed drinks fell by almost 8 per cent in the following two years. Larger decreases were seen in households at the lowest socioeconomic level. And people also bought more of the untaxed drinks – notably water.
In the Mexico case, however, we don’t actually know if people started buying fewer sugary drinks because of the price hike, or because of another reason. This is because the data simply measures the decline after the tax, not why the decline is happening. So while prices are likely to have a played a role, there could be another mechanism at work. It could be, for example, that the tax started a conversation, raised awareness, got the industry talking about what it would do in response, and stimulated other actions to reduce consumption.
Through the WI Lens
Not intended as a silver bullet to solve obesity, a contributory measure to influence change for manufacturers and consumers alike but will a soft drink focus alone be enough to inspire a shift? Many high sugar drinks are not included, such as high calorie syrup coffees, milk shakes and yoghurt drinks, are all free from the levy.
The expected upsides are; 1) Reduced sugar intake 2) Lowering obesity (in time) 3) Education 4) Funding more sport in schools. In most cases sugar is being replaced with sweeteners such as aspartame which has suggested but unproven neurotoxic effects based on current consumption levels. This may raise further questions that whilst sugar intake and obesity is being reduced, is another issue being fuelled? The gap between public and private sector focus on pro active health is narrowing and leaning in favour of the health and wellbeing industry; the recent calorie cap on fast food is another example. Such commitment (by government) increases the onus on hospitality and workplaces to be a part of a healthier society – this spotlight and influence may be the biggest win.
“On such fragile foundations are built the first steps towards a more ethical kind of business, and who knows what virtuous circles might result?”
“Scientific evidence recently emerged that, contrary to earlier beliefs, Covid-19 can be spread by tiny droplets that we breathe out when we respire, called aerosols.”
“Economic wellbeing is part of the story, but it is also about finding less stressful lifestyles, in which healthy diet figures as a meaningful measure of success.”
“The industry has every asset needed to be a guiding light in the shift toward personal health priority. Will that become a prevention legacy, a ‘phoenix rising’ from the Covid-19 ashes?”
“Looking at the bigger picture, putting the measures in this order represents a lost opportunity that the pandemic could have offered for a cultural pivot pivot towards getting people more focused on their health, a powerful statement of intent.”
“Employment is necessary to fulfil our most basic human needs such as food and shelter. Any significant increase in long-term unemployment will spell a retrograde step for human wellbeing like no other.”
“All roads lead to a wellbeing anchor, whether that be economic/financial, physical, mental or emotional: all contribute to a progressive and inclusive cosmopolitan world. The answer should not be a choice of one or the other but of a joined up and compassionate solution for society, business and individuals.”
“The paradox is that we continue to do this in spite of recognising that striving to become ever-more productive is an intrinsically unhealthy behaviour, leading to stress and too often, a sense of failure.”
“The same broad-sweeping structural racism that enables police brutality against black Americans is also responsible for higher mortality among black Americans with Covid-19,” Maimuna Majumder, a Harvard epidemiologist working on the Covid-19 response, tells Vox.
The take-out from this? Wellbeing cannot exist at a more elevated level without our basic needs being met.